Diesel prices are a critical factor in Zambia’s economy, influencing everything from transportation costs to the price of goods and services. This article provides an in-depth look at the current diesel prices in Zambia, the historical trends, the factors influencing these prices, and their impact on the Zambian economy.

Current Diesel Prices in Zambia

As of January 2024, the diesel price in Zambia stands at ZMW 29.96 per litre or USD 1.13 per litre. This price is subject to fluctuations based on various factors, which we will explore in the following sections.

Diesel Prices
Diesel Prices

Comparison of Diesel Prices in Zambia with Global Averages

When compared to the global average, diesel prices in Zambia are relatively high. The world average diesel price is USD 1.18 per litre, making Zambia’s diesel prices slightly below the global average. This discrepancy can be attributed to factors such as high import costs and taxes, as well as the costs associated with distributing diesel across the country.

Historically, diesel prices in Zambia have been on an upward trend. The average diesel price from 2014 to 2024 was ZMW 14.86 per litre, with a minimum of ZMW 6.59. This upward trend can be attributed to various factors, including decisions taken by OPEC+ (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), volatility of international oil prices, and domestic taxes and fees.

Impact of Diesel Prices on the Zambian Economy

Rising diesel prices have a significant impact on the Zambian economy. As the cost of transportation increases, so does the cost of goods and services. This can lead to inflation and put a strain on both businesses and consumers. Moreover, high diesel prices can also impact sectors such as agriculture and mining, which rely heavily on diesel-powered machinery. This can lead to increased production costs and potentially higher prices for commodities.

In recent times, Zambia has seen a gradual increase in fuel prices, which has affected transportation costs and production costs for businesses. The depreciation of the Kwacha also has the potential to result in lower fuel stocks in the country leading to shortages and ultimately passing on the costs to consumers through higher fuel prices.


Understanding the trends and influences on diesel prices in Zambia is crucial for both businesses and consumers. While the high prices can be a burden, they also reflect the realities of a global market and the specific challenges of distributing fuel in Zambia. As the country continues to navigate these challenges, it will be important to explore strategies for managing the impact of diesel prices on the economy.

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